Rocky Mountain spotted fever is bacterial disease/infection which spreads from a bite of the infected tick.
After biting it can cause High temperature nearly 101 to 103 F, vomiting, headache, stomach pain, rashes and muscle aches.
Rocky Mountain spotted fever is considered one of the most severe illness spreads from a tick bite. But now the infection can treat without any medicines r antibiotics. The disease can hit internal organs seriously, and if you don’t deal with it in early stages, the result can be death. You can reduce the risk if you avoid the tick bites or immediate remove a tick that bit you.
The symptoms can begin in between 3 to 13 days after getting bitten from a tick bite. You can read out some of the symptoms of it:
- It can cause high fever for 10 to 15 days
- A cough and cold
- Less appetite
- Stomach pain
- Excessive head pain
Rocky Mountain spotted fever causes rash with small red dots/spots on your palm, wrist, ankle and the sole of your feet. The dots begin in between 2 to 4 days after you get the fever and ultimately spreads inside and outside of the whole body. But it won’t stop here if you don’t get ripped treatment then a second rash can occur. This dot will be of red-purple colour, and it indicates the infection inside you has grown up and has become much severe. You must treat the disease before a second rash appears on your body.
Diagnosis of RMSF
The symptoms of RMSF can mimic other illness like flu, a cold that is why it is much difficult to diagnose it. A study says that about 12 to 17 percent of the people don’t evolve a rash at all. Only some of it can remember having a tick bite. So this thing makes the disease harder to diagnose.
Transmission of RMSF
Rocky Mountain spotted fever transmitted through the tick bite, and it contaminated with a bacterium which is called Rickettsia rickettsia. Through lymphatic system and multiplying cells in your body, it spreads. You will only have this disease if you infected via tick bite.
There are many types of ticks including:
Dermacentor variablis(Dermacentor variablis)
Wood Rocky tick bits(Dermacentor andersoni)
Brown dog tick bits(Rhipicephalus sanguineous)
The ticks are tiny arachnids that feed on blood. Once a tick has bitten you then it would draw blood slowly over many days. The chances of infection will be more severe if the tick is attached longer to your skin. Ticks are very tiny insects, and some are as smaller as the head of a pin. You will never get to see any tick after it bites you.
RMSF is an infection, not a virus
Rocky Mountain spotted fever is a disease, not a virus, so it can’t spread from person to person. But still, your pet dog can be susceptive to this infection. If a tick is in your pet’s body, then you won’t get this disease. It can only move to your body if you hold your pet for so long.
This disease requires doxycycline which is an oral antibiotic. It’s one of the preferred medicines for adults and children. But the pregnant women prescribed chloramphenicol instead of doxycycline.
CDC recommends that necessary to start the treatment of this disease as soon as the diagnoses assumed. You must start it before you doctor gets the lab results need to diagnose you definitively. If you delay in treatments, it is possible that the infection will lead to some significant difficulties. Our goal is that you need to start the treatment as soon as it is possible. It would be best for you if you initiate the treatment in first 3 to 4 days.
If you don’t start the treatments in these days, then it’s possible to need intravenous antibiotics in the hospital. If your infection has become much complicated, then you must stay in the hospital for a long time to receive fluids and monitored.
Prevention of RMSF
Removing the ticks from your body quickly can prevent Rocky Mountain spotted fever, and you can follow these steps for prevention
- Mowing lawns, cleaning the leaves and trimming trees and yards to make it unattractive for ticks.
- Avoid wooded areas.
- Insert your shirt in your pants and your pants in socks. It will help you to prevent ticks.
- Always use sneakers.
- Wearing light colour of clothes will help you to spot ticks.
- Wash and scrub your body while taking a bath.
- Checking the clothes and body for ticks in 4 times in a day will help.
See your doctor if you see any signs of developing rashes on your body from a tick bite. It can become more dangerous if you don’t treat it right away.